A brain injury can cause a variety of mild to severe symptoms ranging from nausea and fatigue to mental confusion, seizures, coma, and death.
Brain Injury: Symptoms and Treatments
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as a sudden injury that causes damage to the brain. It may be a closed injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or a penetrating injury caused when an object penetrates the skull. Depending on the severity of damage to the brain, a TBI can result in a variety of mild, moderate, to severe symptoms that can cause temporary or permanent injuries to the brain and even death.
Traumatic brain injuries can happen to anyone who suffers a fall that causes a sudden blow to the head. Concussions are the most common type of TBI that results in mild to moderate symptoms including drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Trip and fall accidents caused by slippery floors, uneven sidewalks, damaged stair treads, and extension cords are common causes of concussions seen by trip and fall attorneys.
When a person suffers a TBI, some symptoms may appear immediately, while others may not appear for days or weeks following an injury. TBI symptoms can vary significantly depending on the type of injury, the severity of the injury, and the part of the brain that suffers the injury. Common symptoms to watch for include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dizziness and/or drowsiness
- Blurred vision
- Changes in concentration and memory
- Changes in behavior and mood
Mild TBI symptoms shown above are likely to show up within 24 hours after a head injury. However, moderate to severe symptoms often seen by trip and fall attorneys are sometimes delayed for days or weeks after a head injury occurs. These symptoms include slurred speech, loss of vision in one or both eyes, convulsions or seizures, numbness or tingling in limbs, uncoordinated movements, loss of consciousness, and the inability to wake up from sleep.
Because a TBI can impact the exact place on the brain where the injury occurred as well as surrounding tissues, seeking immediate medical attention and treatment is important. Diagnosing a brain injury usually requires imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs. A neurologic exam using special medical tools is often used to determine the severity of the TBI, the impact on brain functions, and the necessary treatment plan. Penetrating injuries and swelling around the brain may require surgery.