Human drivers will no longer be necessary in the future thanks to advanced technology that enables Level-5 Autonomous Cars to take the wheel in all types of conditions. This new breed of vehicles is equipped with technology like LIDAR, image recognition software, powerful onboard computers, V2V communication, and advanced control systems to ensure the highest level of safety possible.
The Technology That’s Driving Autonomous Cars
Autonomous cars are being touted as a safer alternative to traditional vehicles because automation eliminates human error. While technology is incapable of utilizing human critical thinking skills that can mean the difference between life and death while driving, today’s self-driving cars are becoming more effective at handling the unexpected.
LIDAR Proves Valuable for Autonomous Research
Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) sensors are used to create a 360 degree, three-dimensional map of the surrounding area. The technology can be combined with real-time sensor readings to enable safer navigation.
Image Recognition Technology Is Vital for Autonomous Vehicles
While there is still much work to be done in developing effective image recognition technology, this is going to be essential for level-5 autonomous cars. As computer vision progresses, the software will be able to tell the difference between objects, pedestrians, animals, street signs and more, and it will know how the car should react in any scenario.
High-Tech Brains Behind the Scene
High-tech onboard computers will be running the show and they will need to be powerful enough to keep up with the advanced information systems, sensors, and other technology that self-driving cars will require.
Autonomous Cars Will Communicate with Each Other
Vehicle-to-vehicle communication (V2V) will enable cars of the future to operate on a massive network to transmit information about speed, road conditions, traffic hazards, location and more. A number of challenges like security vulnerabilities, overwhelming demand on mobile networks and cloud-based storage, and the integration of vehicle-to-infrastructure connectivity will need to be addressed before level-5 autonomous cars take to the roads.
Although much of the technology already exists to put level-5 autonomous cars on the road, there are still a number of challenges to overcome, an abundance of fine-tuning to be completed, and ethical and legal issues that should be addressed. Even small flaws in reliability, design or safety could put the well-being of motorists, pedestrians, and bicyclists at risk.